Photonic lanterns typically allow for single-mode action in a multimode fibre. Since their invention over a decade ago for applications in astrophotonics, they have found important uses in diverse fields of applied science. To date, large aperture highly-mulitmoded to single-mode lanterns have been difficult as fabrication techniques are not practical for mass replication. Here as a proof of concept, we demonstrate three different devices based on multicore fibre photonic lanterns with: 100µm core diameters; NAs = 0.16 and 0.15; and requiring 259 single-mode core system, specifically 7 multicore fibres each with 37 cores, instead of 259 individual single-mode fibres. The average insertion loss excluding coupling efficiencies is only 0.4dB (>91% transmission). This concept has numerous advantages, in particular, (i) it is a direct scaleable solution, (ii) eases imprinting of photonic functions, e.g. fibre Bragg gratings; and (iii) new approach for large-area optical fibre slicers for future large-aperture telescopes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics