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A dual seven-membered cyclic carbonate/olefin monomer was synthesized from CO2 and cis-1,4-butenediol and polymerized. The properties of the polymer were controlled using divergent catalytic strategies toward the stereochemistry of the olefin. Ring-opening polymerization of the cyclic carbonate using an organocatalytic approach retained the cis-stereoconfiguration of the olefin and yielded a hard semicrystalline polymer (Tm 115 °C). Ring-opening metathesis polymerization using Grubbs’ catalyst proceeded with high trans-stereoregularity (95%) and produced a soft amorphous polymer (Tg −22 °C). Cis to trans isomerization of the polymer was possible using Cu(I) salts under UV light. In all polymers, the C═C double bond remained available for postpolymerization modification and thermoset resins were formed by cross-linking. From this single monomer, cis-trans-cis triblock copolymers, with potential applications as thermoplastic elastomers, were synthesized by combining both strategies using cis-1,4-butenediol as a chain transfer agent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Department of Chemistry - Royal Society University Research Fellow & Reader
- Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies (CSCT)
Person: Research & Teaching, Researcher