DisplayFab: The State of the Art and a Roadmap in the Personal Fabrication of Free-Form Displays Using Active Materials and Additive Manufacturing.

Ollie Hanton, Mike Fraser, Anne Roudaut

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding


Over recent years, there has been significant research within HCI towards free-form physical interactive devices. However, such devices are not straightforward to design, produce and deploy on demand. Traditional development revolves around iterative prototyping through component-based assembly, limiting device structure and implementation. Material-centric personal display fabrication (DisplayFab) opens the possibility of decentralised, configurable production by low-skill makers. Currently, DisplayFab is severely limited by its embryonic stage of development, the complexity of involved processes and materials, and the challenges around designing interactive structures. We present a development framework to provide a path for future research. DisplayFab has been developed by identifying 4 key breakpoints in the existing “Personal Fabrication” framework: Material and Deposition, Conception and Software, Feedback and Interactivity and Responsible Innovation. We use these breakpoints to form a targeted literature review of relevant work. Doing this we identify 30 challenges that act as roadmap for future research in DisplayFab.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCHI '24: Proceedings of the CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
EditorsFlorian Floyd Mueller, Penny Kyburz, Julie R. Williamson, Corina Sas, Max L. Wilson, Phoebe Toups Dugas, Irina Shklovski
Place of PublicationNew York, U. S. A.
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9798400703300
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2024
EventCHI '24 : CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Honolulu, USA United States
Duration: 11 May 202416 May 2024


ConferenceCHI '24 : CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Country/TerritoryUSA United States

Cite this