We study the properties of spatially localized and time-periodic excitations-discrete breathers-in Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) chains. We provide a detailed analysis of their spatial profiles and stability properties. We especially demonstrate that the Page mode is linearly stable for symmetric FPU potentials. A resonant interaction between a localized and delocalized perturbations causes weak but finite strength instabilities for asymmetric FPU potentials. This interaction induces Fano resonances for plane waves scattered by the breather. Finally we analyze the interplay between energy thresholds for breathers in the presence of strongly asymmetric FPU potentials and the corresponding profiles of the low-frequency limit of breather families.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Applied Mathematics