Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures

Valeska P. Ting, Anibal J. Ramirez-Cuesta, Nuno Bimbo, Jessica E. Sharpe, Antonio Noguera Diaz, Volker Presser, Svemir Rudic, Timothy J. Mays

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Abstract

Here we report direct physical evidence that confinement of molecular hydrogen (H2) in an optimized nanoporous carbon results in accumulation of hydrogen with characteristics commensurate with solid H2 at temperatures up to 67 K above the liquid-vapour critical temperature of bulk H2. This extreme densification is attributed to confinement of H2 molecules in the optimally-sized micropores, and occurs at pressures as low as 0.02 MPa. The quantities of contained, solid-like H2 increased with pressure and were directly evaluated using in-situ inelastic neutron scattering and confirmed by analysis of gas sorption isotherms. The demonstration of the existence of solid-like hydrogen challenges the existing assumption that supercritical hydrogen confined in nanopores has an upper limit of liquid H2 density. Thus, this insight offers opportunities for the development of more accurate models for the evaluation and design of nanoporous materials for high capacity adsorptive hydrogen storage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8249–8254
Number of pages6
JournalACS Nano
Volume9
Issue number8
Early online date14 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Aug 2015

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Hydrogen storage
Hydrogen
Carbon
carbon
hydrogen
Temperature
Inelastic neutron scattering
Nanopores
temperature
Liquids
Densification
Isotherms
Sorption
densification
liquids
Demonstrations
Gases
sorption
Vapors
critical temperature

Cite this

Ting, V. P., Ramirez-Cuesta, A. J., Bimbo, N., Sharpe, J. E., Noguera Diaz, A., Presser, V., ... Mays, T. J. (2015). Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures. ACS Nano, 9(8), 8249–8254. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b02623

Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures. / Ting, Valeska P.; Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J.; Bimbo, Nuno; Sharpe, Jessica E.; Noguera Diaz, Antonio ; Presser, Volker; Rudic, Svemir; Mays, Timothy J.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 9, No. 8, 25.08.2015, p. 8249–8254.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ting, VP, Ramirez-Cuesta, AJ, Bimbo, N, Sharpe, JE, Noguera Diaz, A, Presser, V, Rudic, S & Mays, TJ 2015, 'Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures', ACS Nano, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 8249–8254. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b02623
Ting VP, Ramirez-Cuesta AJ, Bimbo N, Sharpe JE, Noguera Diaz A, Presser V et al. Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures. ACS Nano. 2015 Aug 25;9(8):8249–8254. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b02623
Ting, Valeska P. ; Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J. ; Bimbo, Nuno ; Sharpe, Jessica E. ; Noguera Diaz, Antonio ; Presser, Volker ; Rudic, Svemir ; Mays, Timothy J. / Direct evidence for solid-like hydrogen in a nanoporous carbon hydrogen storage material at supercritical temperatures. In: ACS Nano. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 8. pp. 8249–8254.
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AB - Here we report direct physical evidence that confinement of molecular hydrogen (H2) in an optimized nanoporous carbon results in accumulation of hydrogen with characteristics commensurate with solid H2 at temperatures up to 67 K above the liquid-vapour critical temperature of bulk H2. This extreme densification is attributed to confinement of H2 molecules in the optimally-sized micropores, and occurs at pressures as low as 0.02 MPa. The quantities of contained, solid-like H2 increased with pressure and were directly evaluated using in-situ inelastic neutron scattering and confirmed by analysis of gas sorption isotherms. The demonstration of the existence of solid-like hydrogen challenges the existing assumption that supercritical hydrogen confined in nanopores has an upper limit of liquid H2 density. Thus, this insight offers opportunities for the development of more accurate models for the evaluation and design of nanoporous materials for high capacity adsorptive hydrogen storage.

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