Dinosaur diversification rates were not in decline prior to the K-Pg boundary

Joe Bonsor, Paul M Barrett, Thomas Raven, Natalie Cooper

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Abstract

Determining the tempo and mode of non-avian dinosaur extinction is one of the most contentious issues in palaeobiology. Extensive disagreements remain over whether their extinction was catastrophic and geologically instantaneous or the culmination of long-term evolutionary trends. These Conflicts have arisen due to numerous hierarchical sampling biases in the fossil record and differences in analytical methodology, with some studies identifying long-term decline in dinosaur richness prior to the Cretaceous–Palaeogene (K-Pg)boundary and others proposing continued diversification. Here,we use Bayesian phylogenetic generalized linear mixed models to assess the fit of 12 dinosaur phylogenies to three speciation models (null, slowdown to asymptote, downturn). We do not find strong support for the downturn model in our analyses,which suggests that dinosaur speciation rates were not in terminal decline prior to the K-Pg boundary and that the clade was still capable of generating new taxa. Nevertheless, we advocate caution in interpreting the results of such models, as they may not accurately reflect the complexities of the underlying data. Indeed, current phylogenetic methods may not provide the best test for hypotheses of dinosaur extinction;the collection of more dinosaur occurrence data will beessential to test these ideas further.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume7
Issue number11
Early online date18 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2020

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