Diffusion Pathways and Activation Energies in Crystalline Lithium-Ion Conductors

Dennis Wiedemann, Mazharul M. Islam, Thomas Bredow, Martin Lerch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geometric information about ion migration (diffusion pathways) and knowledge about the associated energy landscape (migration activation barriers) are essential cornerstones for a comprehensive understanding of lithium transport in solids. Although many lithium-ion conductors are discussed, developed, and already used as energy-storage materials, fundamental knowledge is often still lacking. In this microreview, we give an introduction to the experimental and computational methods used in our subproject within the research unit FOR 1277, "Mobility of Lithium Ions in Solids (molife)". These comprise, amongst others, neutron diffraction, topological analyses (procrystal-void analysis and Voronoi-Dirichlet partitioning), examination of scattering-length density maps reconstructed via maximum-entropy methods (MEM), analysis of probability-density functions (PDFs) and one-particle potentials (OPPs), as well as climbing-image nudged-elastic-band (cNEB) computations at density-functional theory (DFT) level. The results of our studies using these approaches on ternary lithium oxides and sulfides with different conduction characteristics (fast/slow) and dimensionalities (one-/two-/three-dimensional) are summarized, focusing on the close orbit of the research unit. Not only did the investigations elucidate the lithium-diffusion pathways and migration activation energies in the studied compounds, but we also established a versatile set of methods for the evaluation of data of differing quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1279-1302
Number of pages24
JournalZeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie
Volume231
Issue number7-8
Early online date19 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • minimum-energy path
  • neutron diffraction
  • nudged-elastic-band method
  • pathway dimensionality
  • ternary chalcogenides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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