Dietary carbohydrates, components of energy balance, and associated health outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction: The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction have recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration to the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health.
Methods: PubMed (www.pubmed.gov) was used to seek all published trials with minimum follow up period of 3 months, which were designed to manipulate dietary carbohydrate intake, irrespective of resultant differences in absolute carbohydrate dose (g.d-1).
Findings: Dietary carbohydrate manipulation has little effect on the individual components of energy balance that have been assessed. However, the role of dietary carbohydrate in influencing physical activity has yet to be assessed using gold-standard measurement tools. Moreover, no consistent pattern of changes in weight or indirect measures of metabolic health exist when adhering to a diet of modified carbohydrate content. However, certain markers of cardiovascular disease risk (i.e. blood triglycerides and HDL cholesterol) may respond positively to a reduction in dietary carbohydrate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)783-797
JournalNutrition Reviews
Volume75
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Dietary Carbohydrates
Health
Carbohydrates
Advisory Committees
PubMed
Gold
HDL Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Cardiovascular Diseases
Obesity
Diet
Weights and Measures

Cite this

@article{34fa86c273e34ba4aa220d5e9944de2d,
title = "Dietary carbohydrates, components of energy balance, and associated health outcomes",
abstract = "Introduction: The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction have recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration to the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health. Methods: PubMed (www.pubmed.gov) was used to seek all published trials with minimum follow up period of 3 months, which were designed to manipulate dietary carbohydrate intake, irrespective of resultant differences in absolute carbohydrate dose (g.d-1). Findings: Dietary carbohydrate manipulation has little effect on the individual components of energy balance that have been assessed. However, the role of dietary carbohydrate in influencing physical activity has yet to be assessed using gold-standard measurement tools. Moreover, no consistent pattern of changes in weight or indirect measures of metabolic health exist when adhering to a diet of modified carbohydrate content. However, certain markers of cardiovascular disease risk (i.e. blood triglycerides and HDL cholesterol) may respond positively to a reduction in dietary carbohydrate.",
author = "Harry Smith and Javier Gonzalez and Dylan Thompson and James Betts",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1093/nutrit/nux045",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "783--797",
journal = "Nutrition Reviews",
issn = "0029-6643",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary carbohydrates, components of energy balance, and associated health outcomes

AU - Smith, Harry

AU - Gonzalez, Javier

AU - Thompson, Dylan

AU - Betts, James

PY - 2017/10/5

Y1 - 2017/10/5

N2 - Introduction: The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction have recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration to the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health. Methods: PubMed (www.pubmed.gov) was used to seek all published trials with minimum follow up period of 3 months, which were designed to manipulate dietary carbohydrate intake, irrespective of resultant differences in absolute carbohydrate dose (g.d-1). Findings: Dietary carbohydrate manipulation has little effect on the individual components of energy balance that have been assessed. However, the role of dietary carbohydrate in influencing physical activity has yet to be assessed using gold-standard measurement tools. Moreover, no consistent pattern of changes in weight or indirect measures of metabolic health exist when adhering to a diet of modified carbohydrate content. However, certain markers of cardiovascular disease risk (i.e. blood triglycerides and HDL cholesterol) may respond positively to a reduction in dietary carbohydrate.

AB - Introduction: The role of dietary carbohydrates in the development of obesity and associated metabolic dysfunction have recently been questioned. Within the last decade, the Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) carried out a comprehensive evaluation of the role of dietary carbohydrates in human health. The current review aims to complement and extend this report by providing specific consideration to the component parts of energy balance, their interactions, and their culmination on energy storage and health. Methods: PubMed (www.pubmed.gov) was used to seek all published trials with minimum follow up period of 3 months, which were designed to manipulate dietary carbohydrate intake, irrespective of resultant differences in absolute carbohydrate dose (g.d-1). Findings: Dietary carbohydrate manipulation has little effect on the individual components of energy balance that have been assessed. However, the role of dietary carbohydrate in influencing physical activity has yet to be assessed using gold-standard measurement tools. Moreover, no consistent pattern of changes in weight or indirect measures of metabolic health exist when adhering to a diet of modified carbohydrate content. However, certain markers of cardiovascular disease risk (i.e. blood triglycerides and HDL cholesterol) may respond positively to a reduction in dietary carbohydrate.

U2 - 10.1093/nutrit/nux045

DO - 10.1093/nutrit/nux045

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 783

EP - 797

JO - Nutrition Reviews

JF - Nutrition Reviews

SN - 0029-6643

IS - 10

ER -