Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of porous lead-free 0.5Ba(Ca0.8Zr0.2)O3-0.5(Ba0.7Ca 0.3)TiO3 ceramics

Yan Zhang, Mengying Xie, James Roscow, Chris Bowen

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Porous barium calcium zirconate titanate 0.5Ba(Ca0.8Zr0.2)O3-0.5(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 (BCZT) lead-free ferroelectric ceramics were fabricated via a burnt polymer spheres (BURPS) technique by introducing corn starch as the pore-forming agent. The effect of porosity on the microstructure, dielectric, and piezoelectric properties of the porous materials were investigated. An increase in porosity volume fraction from 10% to 25% resulted in an increase in the hydrostatic charge coefficient (dh), which was 140 to 560% higher than that of the dense BCZT material. An increase in porosity fraction from 10% to 25% also lead to a decrease in relative permittivity that was 16.7% to 60.4% lower than the dense material. These two changes in properties provided a significant enhancement of the hydrostatic figure of merit (dh∙gh) for the porous ceramic; for example the dh∙gh of the 25 vol.% porous BCZT ceramic was 158 times more than the dense ceramic and demonstrates the potential of porous lead-free ferroelectrics for piezoelectric transducer devices. Reasons for the significant enhancement in piezoelectric performance of the porous ceramics are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-431
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Early online date24 Aug 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Dielectrics
  • Lead-free ceramic
  • Piezoelectrics
  • Porous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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