Did Negative Interest Rates Improve Bank Lending?

Philip Molyneux, Alessio Reghezza, John Thornton, Ru Xie

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Abstract

Since 2012 several central banks have introduced a negative interest rate policy (NIRP) aimed at boosting real spending by facilitating an increase in the supply and demand for bank loans. We employ a bank-level dataset comprising 6558 banks from 33 OECD member countries over 2012–2016 and a matched difference-in-differences estimator to analyze whether NIRP resulted in a change in bank lending in NIRP-adopter countries compared to those that did not adopt the policy. Our results suggest that following the introduction of negative interest rates, bank lending was weaker in NIRP-adopter countries. The result is robust to a wide range of checks. This adverse NIRP effect appears to have been stronger for banks that were smaller, more dependent on retail deposit funding, less well capitalized, had business models reliant on interest income, and operated in more competitive markets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Financial Services Research
Early online date30 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Jul 2019

Keywords

  • Bank lending
  • Difference in differences estimation
  • Monetary policy transmission
  • Negative interest rates
  • Propensity score matching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics

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