DIC affords better validation of predictive specimen specific finite element vertebral models than load displacement curves alone: DIC affords better validation of predictive specimen specific finite element vertebral models than load displacement curves alone

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

Several specimen specific vertebral (VB) models have been proposed in the literature; these replicate the typical set-up of a vertebral body mounted in bone cement and subject to a compressive ramp. VB and cement geometries are obtained from micro-CT images, the cement is typically assigned properties obtained from the literature while VB properties are inferred from the Hounsfield units- where the conversion factor between grayscale data and Young’s modulus is optimised using experimental load-displacement data. Typically this calibration is performed on VBs dissected from the same spines as the study group. This, alongside the use of non-specific cement properties, casts some doubts on the predictivity of the models thus obtained.
The predictivity of specimen specific FE models was evaluated in this study.
VBs obtained from three porcine cervical segments (C2-C6) were stripped of all soft tissues, potted in bone cement and subject to a compressive loading ramp. A speckle pattern was applied to the anterior part of the specimen for DIC imaging. Specimen specific FE models were constructed from these specimens and a conversion factor between grayscale and material properties was optimised. Cement properties were assigned based on literature data. VBs from a further cervical spine (C2-C7) were subject to the same experimental protocol. In this case, the models generated from microCT images the material properties of bone were assigned based on the average conversion factor obtained previously. The predicted load-displacement behaviour thus obtained was compared to experimental data. Generally, poor agreement was found between overall load-displacement. The use of generic cement properties in the models was found to be partly responsible for this. When the load displacement behaviour of the VB was studied in isolation, good agreement within one standard deviation was found with 4 out of 6 models showing good correlation between simulation and DIC data.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2018
EventBritish Orthopaedic Research Society Conference 2018 - BORS 2018 - Leeds, UK United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Sep 201811 Sep 2018

Conference

ConferenceBritish Orthopaedic Research Society Conference 2018 - BORS 2018
CountryUK United Kingdom
CityLeeds
Period10/09/1811/09/18

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