Development of perfectionism in junior athletes: A three-sample study of coach and parental pressure

Daniel J. Madigan, Thomas Curran, Joachim Stoeber, Andrew P. Hill, Martin M. Smith, Louis Passfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Perfectionism predicts cognitions, emotions, and behaviors in sport. Nonetheless, our understanding of the factors that influence its development is limited. The authors sought to address this issue by examining the role of coach and parental pressure in the development of perfectionism in sport. Using 3 samples of junior athletes (16-19 years; cross-sectional n = 212, 3-month longitudinal n = 101, and 6-month longitudinal n = 110), the authors examined relations between coach pressure to be perfect, parental pressure to be perfect, perfectionistic strivings, and perfectionistic concerns. Mini meta-analysis of the combined crosssectional data (N = 423) showed that both coach pressure and parental pressure were positively correlated with perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. In contrast, longitudinal analyses showed that only coach pressure predicted increased perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns over time. Overall, our findings provide preliminary evidence that coaches may play a more important role in the development of junior athletes' perfectionism than parents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Coaches
  • Longitudinal
  • Parents
  • Youth sport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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