Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Damage such as micro cracks, layer delaminations, corrosion or barely visible impact damage (BVID) could irreparably affect the integrity of the structure. These defects are not ever detectable by the common inspection techniques based on the ultrasonic wave propagation. However, a number of techniques based on nonlinear wave behaviour have been recently developed to improve the sensitivity of ultrasonic methods. The nonlinear acoustic approach proposed in this work relied on generation of new frequency generation due to defects. The spectral changes are caused by nonlinear local dynamics of defects of various scale and nature due to contact between crack surfaces. A standard Air Coupled ultrasound (ACU) system arranged with 88 transmitting elements and 1 receiving element focused on the same point (N=88 mm) with a central frequency (f0) of 41 KHz was used to excite corroded samples. Results showed that the intact parts of the material outside the defect vibrate linearly, i.e. with no greatly frequency variation in the output spectrum, whilst a small cracked defect behaves as an active radiation source of a new frequency component (2f0). For the nonlinear ultrasonic testing, the second order nonlinear parameter (β) was chosen as the nonlinear feature to damage identification. In conclusion this research work demonstrated that nonlinear techniques are suitable for numerous classes of defects, such as fatigue cracks and corrosion (micro-cracks).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII
EditorsAndrew L. Gyekenyesi, Tzu-Yang Yu, H. Felix Wu, Peter J. Shull
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625976
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
EventNondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII 2019 - Denver, USA United States
Duration: 4 Mar 20197 Mar 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume10971
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceNondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII 2019
CountryUSA United States
CityDenver
Period4/03/197/03/19

Keywords

  • Air-Coupled ultrasound
  • Defects
  • Micro-cracks
  • Non-Destructive testing
  • Nonlinear Imaging
  • Nonlinear Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Boccaccio, M., Malfense Fierro, G. P., & Meo, M. (2019). Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing. In A. L. Gyekenyesi, T-Y. Yu, H. F. Wu, & P. J. Shull (Eds.), Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII [1097117] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10971). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2515804

Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing. / Boccaccio, Marco; Malfense Fierro, Gian Piero; Meo, Michele.

Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII. ed. / Andrew L. Gyekenyesi; Tzu-Yang Yu; H. Felix Wu; Peter J. Shull. SPIE, 2019. 1097117 (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 10971).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Boccaccio, M, Malfense Fierro, GP & Meo, M 2019, Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing. in AL Gyekenyesi, T-Y Yu, HF Wu & PJ Shull (eds), Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII., 1097117, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 10971, SPIE, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII 2019, Denver, USA United States, 4/03/19. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2515804
Boccaccio M, Malfense Fierro GP, Meo M. Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing. In Gyekenyesi AL, Yu T-Y, Wu HF, Shull PJ, editors, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII. SPIE. 2019. 1097117. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2515804
Boccaccio, Marco ; Malfense Fierro, Gian Piero ; Meo, Michele. / Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing. Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII. editor / Andrew L. Gyekenyesi ; Tzu-Yang Yu ; H. Felix Wu ; Peter J. Shull. SPIE, 2019. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{975211eab7ea4103a2201762518f2713,
title = "Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing",
abstract = "Damage such as micro cracks, layer delaminations, corrosion or barely visible impact damage (BVID) could irreparably affect the integrity of the structure. These defects are not ever detectable by the common inspection techniques based on the ultrasonic wave propagation. However, a number of techniques based on nonlinear wave behaviour have been recently developed to improve the sensitivity of ultrasonic methods. The nonlinear acoustic approach proposed in this work relied on generation of new frequency generation due to defects. The spectral changes are caused by nonlinear local dynamics of defects of various scale and nature due to contact between crack surfaces. A standard Air Coupled ultrasound (ACU) system arranged with 88 transmitting elements and 1 receiving element focused on the same point (N=88 mm) with a central frequency (f0) of 41 KHz was used to excite corroded samples. Results showed that the intact parts of the material outside the defect vibrate linearly, i.e. with no greatly frequency variation in the output spectrum, whilst a small cracked defect behaves as an active radiation source of a new frequency component (2f0). For the nonlinear ultrasonic testing, the second order nonlinear parameter (β) was chosen as the nonlinear feature to damage identification. In conclusion this research work demonstrated that nonlinear techniques are suitable for numerous classes of defects, such as fatigue cracks and corrosion (micro-cracks).",
keywords = "Air-Coupled ultrasound, Defects, Micro-cracks, Non-Destructive testing, Nonlinear Imaging, Nonlinear Ultrasound",
author = "Marco Boccaccio and {Malfense Fierro}, {Gian Piero} and Michele Meo",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.2515804",
language = "English",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
publisher = "SPIE",
editor = "Gyekenyesi, {Andrew L.} and Tzu-Yang Yu and Wu, {H. Felix} and Shull, {Peter J.}",
booktitle = "Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII",
address = "USA United States",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Development of nonlinear acoustic and air-coupled techniques for non-destructive testing

AU - Boccaccio, Marco

AU - Malfense Fierro, Gian Piero

AU - Meo, Michele

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Damage such as micro cracks, layer delaminations, corrosion or barely visible impact damage (BVID) could irreparably affect the integrity of the structure. These defects are not ever detectable by the common inspection techniques based on the ultrasonic wave propagation. However, a number of techniques based on nonlinear wave behaviour have been recently developed to improve the sensitivity of ultrasonic methods. The nonlinear acoustic approach proposed in this work relied on generation of new frequency generation due to defects. The spectral changes are caused by nonlinear local dynamics of defects of various scale and nature due to contact between crack surfaces. A standard Air Coupled ultrasound (ACU) system arranged with 88 transmitting elements and 1 receiving element focused on the same point (N=88 mm) with a central frequency (f0) of 41 KHz was used to excite corroded samples. Results showed that the intact parts of the material outside the defect vibrate linearly, i.e. with no greatly frequency variation in the output spectrum, whilst a small cracked defect behaves as an active radiation source of a new frequency component (2f0). For the nonlinear ultrasonic testing, the second order nonlinear parameter (β) was chosen as the nonlinear feature to damage identification. In conclusion this research work demonstrated that nonlinear techniques are suitable for numerous classes of defects, such as fatigue cracks and corrosion (micro-cracks).

AB - Damage such as micro cracks, layer delaminations, corrosion or barely visible impact damage (BVID) could irreparably affect the integrity of the structure. These defects are not ever detectable by the common inspection techniques based on the ultrasonic wave propagation. However, a number of techniques based on nonlinear wave behaviour have been recently developed to improve the sensitivity of ultrasonic methods. The nonlinear acoustic approach proposed in this work relied on generation of new frequency generation due to defects. The spectral changes are caused by nonlinear local dynamics of defects of various scale and nature due to contact between crack surfaces. A standard Air Coupled ultrasound (ACU) system arranged with 88 transmitting elements and 1 receiving element focused on the same point (N=88 mm) with a central frequency (f0) of 41 KHz was used to excite corroded samples. Results showed that the intact parts of the material outside the defect vibrate linearly, i.e. with no greatly frequency variation in the output spectrum, whilst a small cracked defect behaves as an active radiation source of a new frequency component (2f0). For the nonlinear ultrasonic testing, the second order nonlinear parameter (β) was chosen as the nonlinear feature to damage identification. In conclusion this research work demonstrated that nonlinear techniques are suitable for numerous classes of defects, such as fatigue cracks and corrosion (micro-cracks).

KW - Air-Coupled ultrasound

KW - Defects

KW - Micro-cracks

KW - Non-Destructive testing

KW - Nonlinear Imaging

KW - Nonlinear Ultrasound

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85069753032&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2515804

DO - 10.1117/12.2515804

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85069753032

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII

A2 - Gyekenyesi, Andrew L.

A2 - Yu, Tzu-Yang

A2 - Wu, H. Felix

A2 - Shull, Peter J.

PB - SPIE

ER -