Development of a single mode nonlinear acoustic resonance method for the detection of delamination due to low velocity impact

Michele Meo, Umberto Polimeno

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Modern aerospace structures make increasing use of fibre reinforced plastic composites, due to their high specific mechanical properties. However, due to their brittleness, low velocity impact can cause delaminations beneath the surface, while the surface may appear to be undamaged upon visual inspection. Such a damage is called barely visible impact damage (BVID). Such internal damages lead to significant reduction in local strengths. These initial delaminations can slowly grow under alternating or fluctuating stress leading to a loss in stiffness and ultimately could lead to catastrophic failures. It is therefore important to detect and monitor damages in high loaded composite components to receive an early warning for a well timed maintenance of the aircraft. The non-linear acoustic spectroscopy methods are promising damage detection and material characterization tools. Detailed studies of dynamic non-linearities and hysteresis in inhomogeneous media[1,2] have shown that the occurrence of mesoscopic elements in the material structure gives rise to strongly nonlinear dynamic phenomena accompanying the elastic wave propagation [3]. These non-linear effects are observed in the course of the degradation process much sooner than any degradation-induced variations of linear parameters (propagation velocity, attenuation, elastic moduli, rigidity etc.). Non-linear parameters have proved to be very sensitive to the presence of any inhomogeneities and progressive degradation of the material structure.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace"
Place of PublicationVancover
PublisherInternational Committee on Composite Materials
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Event16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace" - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 8 Jul 200713 Jul 2007

Publication series

NameICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials
PublisherInternational Committee on Composite Materials

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM-16 - "A Giant Step Towards Environmental Awareness: From Green Composites to Aerospace"
CountryJapan
CityKyoto
Period8/07/0713/07/07

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