Development and validation of the adolescent psychological need support in exercise questionnaire

Lydia Emm-Collison, Martyn Standage, Fiona Gillison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Grounded within self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000; Ryan & Deci, in press), three studies were conducted to develop and psychometrically test a measure of adolescents’ perceptions of psychological need support for exercise (viz., for autonomy, competence, and relatedness): the Adolescent Psychological Need Support in Exercise Questionnaire (APNSEQ). In Study 1, 34 items were developed in collaboration with an expert panel. Through categorical confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory, responses from 433 adolescents were used to identify the best fitting and performing items in Study 2. Here, a three-factor nine-item measure showed good fit to the data. In Study 3, responses from an independent sample of 373 adolescents provided further evidence for the nine-item solution as well as for internal consistency, criterion validity, and invariance across gender and social agent (friends, family, and physical education teacher). The APNSEQ was supported as a measure of adolescents’ perceptions of psychological need support within the context of exercise.
LanguageEnglish
Pages505-520
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume38
Issue number5
Early online date2016
DOIs
StatusPublished - Oct 2016

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Adolescent Development
Exercise
Psychology
Personal Autonomy
Physical Education and Training
Mental Competency
Statistical Factor Analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires

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Development and validation of the adolescent psychological need support in exercise questionnaire. / Emm-Collison, Lydia; Standage, Martyn; Gillison, Fiona.

In: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 38, No. 5, 10.2016, p. 505-520.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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