Development and field testing of a consumer shared decision-making training program for adults with low literacy

Danielle M Muscat, Suzanne Morony, Heather L Shepherd, Sian K Smith, Haryana M Dhillon, Lyndal Trevena, Andrew Hayen, Karen Luxford, Don Nutbeam, Kirsten McCaffery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (SciVal)


OBJECTIVE: Given the scarcity of shared decision-making (SDM) interventions for adults with low literacy, we created a SDM training program tailored to this population to be delivered in adult education settings.

METHODS: Formative evaluation during program development included a review of the problem and previous efforts to address it, qualitative interviews with the target population, program planning and field testing.

RESULTS: A comprehensive SDM training program was developed incorporating core SDM elements. The program aimed to improve students' understanding of SDM and to provide them with the necessary skills (understanding probabilistic risks and benefits, personal values and preferences) and self-efficacy to use an existing set of questions (the AskShareKnow questions) as a means to engage in SDM during healthcare interactions.

CONCLUSIONS: There is an ethical imperative to develop SDM interventions for adults with lower literacy. Generic training programs delivered direct-to-consumers in adult education settings offer promise in a national and international environment where too few initiatives exist.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Formative evaluation of the program offers practical insights into developing consumer-focused SDM training. The content of the program can be used as a guide for future efforts to engage consumers in SDM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1180-8
Number of pages9
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Issue number10
Early online date28 Jul 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Adult
  • Communication
  • Decision Making
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Female
  • Health Literacy/methods
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Literacy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic/methods
  • Patient Participation
  • Patient-Centered Care
  • Physician-Patient Relations
  • Program Development
  • Qualitative Research


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