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Abstract

The development and application of bio-based insulation materials can contribute to the minimization of the environmental impacts of buildings through reduction of embodied and in-use energy demand, in addition to many other major impacts such as resource depletion and waste generation. The hygrothermal performance of natural building materials has direct and indirect impacts on moderating indoor environmental conditions and can contribute to energy savings provided that such aspects are taken into account during the design and construction phases. This requires in-depth knowledge of the thermal and hygroscopic properties of the materials and their dependence on the moisture content. In this paper, the hygrothermal properties of six insulation materials is determined; four are commercially available materials while the other two are experimental materials based on crop by-products and natural binders. The influence of relative humidity on such properties is analysed. Moreover, the experimental Moisture Buffer Values are obtained for the six insulations, according to the protocol of the standard ISO 24353. Finally, a mass and heat coupled model is numerically solved to simulate this protocol for two of the materials, obtaining a good agreement with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-275
Number of pages7
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume124
Early online date26 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016

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Keywords

  • Barley straw
  • Bio-based materials
  • Corn
  • Hygrothermal performance
  • Moisture buffering
  • Pith
  • Thermal insulation
  • Transient modelling

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