Objective: To identify the prevalence and predictors of prescribing potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in a nationwide cohort of community dwellers with dementia requiring complex care needs. Methods: A cross-matched data of the International Resident Assessment Instrument-Home Care (9.1) (interRAI-HC) and prescribing data obtained from the Pharmaceutical Claims Data Mart (Pharms) extract files for older adults (≥65 y) requiring complex care needs were utilized for this study. The 2015 Beers criteria were applied to identify the prevalence of PIMs in older adults with dementia. Sociodemographic and clinical predictors of PIMs were analysed using a logistic regression model. Results: The study population consisted of 16 568 individuals who had their first interRAI assessment from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2015. The estimated prevalence of dementia was 13.2% (2190/16 568). 66.9% (1465/2190) of the older adults diagnosed with dementia were prescribed PIMs, of which anticholinergic medications constituted 59.6% (873/1465). Males and individuals who were prescribed a greater number of medications were more likely to be prescribed PIMs. Individuals over 85 years of age, Māori ethnic group of individuals, older adults who were being supervised with respect to their activities of daily living, and individuals who reported good or excellent self-reported health had a lesser likelihood of being prescribed PIMs. Conclusion: We found that PIMs are prescribed frequently in older adults with dementia. Comprehensive geriatric assessments can serve as a potential tool to decrease the occurrence of PIMs in vulnerable groups with poor functional and cognitive status.
- potentially inappropriate medications
- prescribing in older adults
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology
- Psychiatry and Mental health