Detecting Sequential Genre Change in Eighteenth-Century Texts

Jinbin Zhang, Yann Ciarán Ryan, Iiro Rastas, Filip Ginter, Mikko Tolonen, Rohit Babbar

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Citations (SciVal)
12 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Machine classification of historical books into genres is a common task for NLP-based classifiers and has a number of applications, from literary analysis to information retrieval. However it is not a straightforward task, as genre labels can be ambiguous and subject to temporal change, and moreoever many books consist of mixed or miscellaneous genres. In this paper we describe a work-in-progress method by which genre predictions can be used to determine longer sequences of genre change within books, which we test out with visualisations of some hand-picked texts. We apply state-of-the-art methods to the task, including a BERT-based transformer and character-level Perceiver model, both pre-trained on a large collection of eighteenth century works (ECCO), using a new set of hand-annotated documents created to reflect historical divisions. Results show that both models perform significantly better than a linear baseline, particularly when ECCO-BERT is combined with tfidf features, though for this task the character-level model provides no obvious advantage. Initial evaluation of the genre sequence method shows it may in the future be useful in determining and dividing the multiple genres of miscellaneous and hybrid historical texts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-255
Number of pages13
JournalCEUR Workshop Proceedings
Volume3290
Early online date12 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 12 Dec 2022
Event2022 Computational Humanities Research Conference, CHR 2022 - Antwerp, Belgium
Duration: 12 Dec 202214 Dec 2022

Keywords

  • BERT
  • ECCO
  • genre change
  • Perceiver
  • text classification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science

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