Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 is an important target enzyme in drug design; inhibitors have a wide variety of therapeutic activities. A series of quinoline-8-carboxamides was designed to maintain the required pharmacophore conformation through an intramolecular hydrogen bond. 3-Substituted quinoline-8-carboxamides were synthesized by Pd-catalyzed couplings (Suzuki, Sonogashira, Stille) to 3-iodoquinoline-8-carboxamide, an efficient process that introduces diversity in the final step. 2-Substituted quinoline-8-carboxamides were prepared by selective Pd-catalyzed couplings at the 2-position of 2,8-dibromoquinoline, followed by lithium−bromine exchange of the intermediate 2-(alkyl/aryl)-8-bromoquinolines and reaction with trimethylsilyl isocyanate. The intramolecular hydrogen bond was confirmed by X-ray and by NMR. The SAR of the 3-substituted compounds for inhibition of human recombinant PARP-1 activity showed a requirement for a small narrow group. Substituents in the 2-position increased potency, with the most active 2-methylquinoline-8-carboxamide having IC50 = 500 nM (IC50 = 1.8 μM for 5-aminoisoquinolin-1-one (5-AIQ, a standard water-soluble inhibitor)).
Lord, A-M., Mahon, M. F., Lloyd, M. D., & Threadgill, M. D. (2009). Design, synthesis, and evaluation in vitro of quinoline-8-carboxamides, a new class of poly(adenosine-diphosphate-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibitor. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 52(3), 868-877. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm8013629