Design of an Air-cooled Radial Turbine Part 1: Computational Modelling

Yang Zhang, Tomasz Duda, James Scobie, Carl Sangan, Alex Redwood, Colin Copeland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper is part of a two-part publication that aims to design, simulate and test an internally air cooled radial turbine. To achieve this, the additive manufacturing process, Selective Laser Melting (SLM), was utilized to allow internal cooling passages within the blades and hub. This is, to the authors' knowledge, the first publication in the open literature to demonstrate an SLM manufactured, cooled concept applied to a small radial turbine. In this paper, the internally cooled radial turbine was investigated using a Conjugate Heat Transfer (CHT) numerical simulation. Topology Optimisation was also implemented to understand the areas of the wheel that could be used safely for cooling. In addition, the aerodynamic loss and efficiency of the design was compared to a baseline noncooled wheel. The experimental work is detailed in Part 2 of this two-part publication. Given that the aim was to test the rotor under representative operating conditions, the material properties were provided by the SLM technology collaborator. The boundary conditions for the numerical simulation were derived from the experimental testing where the inlet temperature was set to 1023 K. A polyhedral unstructured mesh made the meshing of internal coolant plenums including the detailed supporting structures possible. The simulation demonstrated that the highest temperature at the blade leading edge was 117 K lower than the uncooled turbine. The coolant mass flow required by turbine was 2.5% of the mainstream flow to achieve this temperature drop. The inertia of the turbine was also reduced by 20% due to the removal of mass required for the internal coolant plenums. The fluid fields in both the coolant channels and downstream of the cooled rotor were analyzed to determine the aerodynamic influence on the temperature distribution. Furthermore, the solid stress distribution inside the rotor was analyzed using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) coupled with the CFD results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition
PublisherASME
Pages1-13
Number of pages1
ISBN (Print)9780791851173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume8

Fingerprint

Turbines
Coolants
Air
Rotors
Wheels
Aerodynamics
Melting
3D printers
Cooling
Stream flow
Lasers
Shape optimization
Temperature
Stress concentration
Materials properties
Computational fluid dynamics
Temperature distribution
Heat transfer
Finite element method
Fluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Zhang, Y., Duda, T., Scobie, J., Sangan, C., Redwood, A., & Copeland, C. (2018). Design of an Air-cooled Radial Turbine Part 1: Computational Modelling. In ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition (pp. 1-13). [GT2018-76378] (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 8). ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT201876378

Design of an Air-cooled Radial Turbine Part 1: Computational Modelling. / Zhang, Yang; Duda, Tomasz; Scobie, James; Sangan, Carl; Redwood, Alex; Copeland, Colin.

ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. ASME, 2018. p. 1-13 GT2018-76378 (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo; Vol. 8).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zhang, Y, Duda, T, Scobie, J, Sangan, C, Redwood, A & Copeland, C 2018, Design of an Air-cooled Radial Turbine Part 1: Computational Modelling. in ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition., GT2018-76378, Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, vol. 8, ASME, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT201876378
Zhang Y, Duda T, Scobie J, Sangan C, Redwood A, Copeland C. Design of an Air-cooled Radial Turbine Part 1: Computational Modelling. In ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. ASME. 2018. p. 1-13. GT2018-76378. (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo). https://doi.org/10.1115/GT201876378
Zhang, Yang ; Duda, Tomasz ; Scobie, James ; Sangan, Carl ; Redwood, Alex ; Copeland, Colin. / Design of an Air-cooled Radial Turbine Part 1: Computational Modelling. ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. ASME, 2018. pp. 1-13 (Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo).
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