Design and Testing a Bespoke Cylinder Head Pulsating Flow Generator for a Turbocharger Gas Stand

Ramkumar Vijayakumar, Sam Akehurst, Zheng Liu, Miguel Reyes Belmonte, Christian Brace, Dai Liu, Colin Copeland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (SciVal)
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Most turbocharger gas stands are designed to map performance under steady flow conditions. However, when connected to an internal combustion engine (ICE), the turbine is exposed to pulsatile flow. In order to enable a full analysis of the unsteady flow and turbocharger performance, it is crucial to quantify unsteady flow effects in the gas stand tests.
This paper presents the development and use of bespoke experimental hardware that aims to generate flows in a gas-stand with characteristics similar to that produced by an ICE. This is achieved using a specially modified cylinder head placed between the hot supply and the turbocharger. The device has been designed, manufactured and tested on the gas stand showing its usefulness to study the energy exchange between the engine and the turbine.
Testing a turbocharger where a cylinder is deactivated showed large changes in the instantaneous turbocharger speed, pressure and temperature profiles. These unsteady characteristics resulted in a change in the turbocharger behaviour. The insights into unsteady characteristics is expected to contribute to both engine calibration and turbocharger design. It also demonstrates the novelty of the approach in delivering a means to replicate hot, engine-like flow unsteadiness and thereby a wider, more representative data set.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116291
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
Early online date8 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2019


  • Compressor map
  • Compressor surge
  • Cylinder deactivation
  • Gas stand
  • Pulsating flow generator design
  • Pulsation generator
  • Turbine efficiency
  • Turbine map
  • Turbocharger
  • Unsteady flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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