Defect chemistry, surface structures, and lithium insertion in anatase TiO2

C L Olson, J Nelson, M S Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atomistic simulation techniques are used to investigate the defect properties of anatase TiO2 and LixTiO2 both in the bulk and at the surfaces. Interatomic potential parameters are derived that reproduce the lattice constants of anatase, and the energies of bulk defects and surface structures are calculated. Reduction of anatase involving interstitial Ti is found to be the most favorable defect reaction in the bulk, with a lower energy than either Frenkel or Schottky reactions. The binding energies of selected defect clusters are also presented: for the Ti3+- Li+ defect cluster, the binding energy is found to be approximately 0.5 eV, suggesting that intercalated Li ions stabilize conduction band electrons. The Li ion migration path is found to run between octahedral sites, with an activation energy of 0.45-0.65 eV for mole fractions of lithium in LixTiO2 of x
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9995-10001
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume110
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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