Current psychotic-like experiences among adolescents in China: Identifying risk and protective factors

Dongfang Wang, Huilin Chen, Zihao Chen, Wenxu Liu, Lili Wu, Yao Chen, Meng Sun, Fang Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (SciVal)


Objective: This study aim to explore the prevalence of current PLEs over past month and relevant influential factors among adolescents. Methods: A total of 67,538 students completed one online survey between April 21st and May 12th, 2021. Current PLEs were assessed using the 8-item Positive Subscale of the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences (CAPE-P8). Participants were defined as having frequent PLEs if they selected “often” or “nearly always” on one or more items of CAPE-P8. Family function, school climate and a series of socio-demographic were also evaluated. Results: In this sample, 49.3% adolescents reported having at least one PLE over the past month, while 15.4% experienced high frequent PLEs. Alcohol intake was positively associated with high frequent PLEs (OR = 2.61, 95% CI = 2.37–2.88). Adolescents with chronic physical illness (OR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.73–2.18) or family history of psychiatric illness (OR = 2.61, 95% CI = 2.22–2.77) were more likely to suffer from high frequent PLEs. Dysfunction family function (OR moderate = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.98–2.09; OR severe = 6.98, 95% CI = 6.48–7.53) or poor school climate (OR = 3.14, 95% CI = 2.93–3.37) was associated with elevated high frequent PLEs. Conclusions: Several factors of socio-demographics, unhealthy lifestyle, family and school environments are found to be related to frequent PLEs. These factors should also be taken into consideration for effective psychosocial intervention in adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Early online date1 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The present study was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 31871129 , 8210053414 ); Research on the Processes and Repair of Psychological Trauma in Youth, Project of Key Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences, MOE (Grant No. 16JJD190001 ); Guangdong Province Higher Vocational Colleges and Schools Pearl River Scholar Funded Scheme ( GDUPS 2016 ); and Graduate Research and Innovation Project of School of Psychology, South China Normal University ( PSY-SCNU202017 ).


  • Adolescents
  • Protective factors
  • Psychotic-like experiences
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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