Crystal structures of type-II inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase INPP5B with synthetic inositol polyphosphate surrogates reveal new mechanistic insights for the inositol 5-phosphatase family

Stephen J. Mills, Camilla Silvander, Gyles Cozier, Lionel Trésaugues, Pär Nordlund, Barry V. L. Potter

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Abstract

The inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase INPP5B hydrolyzes the 5-phosphate group from water- and lipid-soluble signaling messengers. Two synthetic benzene and biphenyl polyphosphates (BzP/BiPhPs), simplified surrogates of inositol phosphates and phospholipid headgroups, were identified by thermodynamic studies as potent INPP5B ligands. The X-ray structure of the complex between INPP5B and biphenyl 3,3,4,4,5,5-hexakisphosphate [BiPh(3,3,4,4,5,5)P6, IC50 5.5 μM] was determined at 2.89Å resolution. One inhibitor pole locates in the phospholipid headgroup binding site and the second solvent-exposed ring binds to the His-Tag of another INPP5B molecule, while a molecule of inorganic phosphate is also present in the active site. Benzene 1,2,3-trisphosphate [Bz(1,2,3)P3] [one ring of BiPh(3,3,4,4,5,5)P6] inhibits INPP5B ca 6-fold less potently. Co-crystallization with benzene 1,2,4,5-tetrakisphosphate [Bz(1,2,4,5)P4, IC50 = 6.3 μM] yielded a structure refined at 2.9Å resolution. Conserved residues among the 5-phosphatase family mediate similar interactions with Bz(1,2,4,5)P4 and BiPh(3,3',4,4',5,5')P6 to those with the polar groups present in positions 1,4,5 and 6 on the inositol ring of the substrate. 5-Phosphatase specificity most likely resides in the variable zone located close to the 2- and 3-positions of the inositol ring. We propose that the inorganic phosphate present in the INPP5BBiPh(3,3,4,4,5,5)P6 complex mimics the post-cleavage substrate 5-phosphate released by INPP5B in the catalytic site, allowing elucidation of two new key features in the catalytic mechanism proposed for the family of phosphoinositide 5-phosphatases: first, the involvement of the conserved Arg-451 in the interaction with the 5-phosphate and secondly, identification of the water molecule that initiates 5-
phosphate hydrolysis. Our model also has implications for the proposed moving metal mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1384-1397
JournalBiochemistry
Volume55
Issue number9
Early online date8 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Mar 2016

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