Crystal growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell absorber by chemical vapor transport with I2

D. Colombara, S. Delsante, G. Borzone, J. M. Mitchels, K. C. Molloy, L. H. Thomas, B. G. Mendis, C. Y. Cummings, Frank Marken, L. M. Peter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Single crystals of Cu2ZnSnS4 have been produced within sealed quartz ampoules via the chemical vapour transport technique using I2 as the transporting agent. The effects of temperature gradient and I2 load on the crystal habit and composition are considered. Crystals have been analyzed with XRD, SEM, and TEM for compositional and structural uniformities at both microscopic and nanoscopic levels. The synthesized crystals have suitable (I2-load dependent) properties and are useful for further solar absorber structural and physical characterizations. A new chemical vapour transport method based on longitudinally isothermal treatments is attempted. Based on a proposed simplistic mechanism of crystal growth, conditions for crystal enlargement with the new method are envisaged.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume364
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013

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Crystallization
Crystal growth
crystal growth
absorbers
Solar cells
solar cells
Vapors
vapors
Crystals
crystals
Solar absorbers
Quartz
ampoules
habits
Thermal gradients
temperature gradients
quartz
Single crystals
Transmission electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy

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Crystal growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell absorber by chemical vapor transport with I2. / Colombara, D.; Delsante, S.; Borzone, G.; Mitchels, J. M.; Molloy, K. C.; Thomas, L. H.; Mendis, B. G.; Cummings, C. Y.; Marken, Frank; Peter, L. M.

In: Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 364, 01.02.2013, p. 101-110.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colombara, D, Delsante, S, Borzone, G, Mitchels, JM, Molloy, KC, Thomas, LH, Mendis, BG, Cummings, CY, Marken, F & Peter, LM 2013, 'Crystal growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell absorber by chemical vapor transport with I2', Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 364, pp. 101-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2012.11.037
Colombara D, Delsante S, Borzone G, Mitchels JM, Molloy KC, Thomas LH et al. Crystal growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell absorber by chemical vapor transport with I2. Journal of Crystal Growth. 2013 Feb 1;364:101-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2012.11.037
Colombara, D. ; Delsante, S. ; Borzone, G. ; Mitchels, J. M. ; Molloy, K. C. ; Thomas, L. H. ; Mendis, B. G. ; Cummings, C. Y. ; Marken, Frank ; Peter, L. M. / Crystal growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell absorber by chemical vapor transport with I2. In: Journal of Crystal Growth. 2013 ; Vol. 364. pp. 101-110.
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