Crystal growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell absorber by chemical vapor transport with I2

D. Colombara, S. Delsante, G. Borzone, J. M. Mitchels, K. C. Molloy, L. H. Thomas, B. G. Mendis, C. Y. Cummings, Frank Marken, L. M. Peter

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Single crystals of Cu2ZnSnS4 have been produced within sealed quartz ampoules via the chemical vapour transport technique using I2 as the transporting agent. The effects of temperature gradient and I2 load on the crystal habit and composition are considered. Crystals have been analyzed with XRD, SEM, and TEM for compositional and structural uniformities at both microscopic and nanoscopic levels. The synthesized crystals have suitable (I2-load dependent) properties and are useful for further solar absorber structural and physical characterizations. A new chemical vapour transport method based on longitudinally isothermal treatments is attempted. Based on a proposed simplistic mechanism of crystal growth, conditions for crystal enlargement with the new method are envisaged.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-110
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013

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