Cross-country differences in ICT adoption: A consequence of culture?

Abdul A. Erumban, Simon B. De Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The diffusion of information and communication technology (ICT) has witnessed a surge in recent years. The rate of adoption across countries diverges considerably regardless of the income levels. In this paper, we attempt to explain the differences in ICT adoption rates across countries by using Hofstede's cultural framework. The effect of culture on ICT adoption is explored by applying two different measures of ICT adoption, namely the average share of ICT spending in GDP across 42 countries, and per capita computer across 49 countries. The results suggest that the national culture and the ICT adoption rate of a country are closely related. It appears that most of the Hofstede dimensions are important in influencing ICT adoption, thereby confirming our hypotheses. In particular, the power distance and the uncertainty avoidance dimensions seem to be the most important ones. These results are robust in both datasets, even after controlling for levels of education and income.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-314
JournalJournal of World Business
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2006

Fingerprint

Technology adoption
Information and communication technology
Country differences
Hofstede
Income level
National cultures
Education
Power distance
Uncertainty avoidance
Income

Cite this

Cross-country differences in ICT adoption: A consequence of culture? / Erumban, Abdul A.; De Jong, Simon B.

In: Journal of World Business, Vol. 41, No. 4, 12.2006, p. 302-314.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Erumban, Abdul A. ; De Jong, Simon B. / Cross-country differences in ICT adoption: A consequence of culture?. In: Journal of World Business. 2006 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 302-314.
@article{54aa904f49f346728a51791f6fd56985,
title = "Cross-country differences in ICT adoption: A consequence of culture?",
abstract = "The diffusion of information and communication technology (ICT) has witnessed a surge in recent years. The rate of adoption across countries diverges considerably regardless of the income levels. In this paper, we attempt to explain the differences in ICT adoption rates across countries by using Hofstede's cultural framework. The effect of culture on ICT adoption is explored by applying two different measures of ICT adoption, namely the average share of ICT spending in GDP across 42 countries, and per capita computer across 49 countries. The results suggest that the national culture and the ICT adoption rate of a country are closely related. It appears that most of the Hofstede dimensions are important in influencing ICT adoption, thereby confirming our hypotheses. In particular, the power distance and the uncertainty avoidance dimensions seem to be the most important ones. These results are robust in both datasets, even after controlling for levels of education and income.",
author = "Erumban, {Abdul A.} and {De Jong}, {Simon B.}",
year = "2006",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.jwb.2006.08.005",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "302--314",
journal = "Journal of World Business",
issn = "1090-9516",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cross-country differences in ICT adoption: A consequence of culture?

AU - Erumban, Abdul A.

AU - De Jong, Simon B.

PY - 2006/12

Y1 - 2006/12

N2 - The diffusion of information and communication technology (ICT) has witnessed a surge in recent years. The rate of adoption across countries diverges considerably regardless of the income levels. In this paper, we attempt to explain the differences in ICT adoption rates across countries by using Hofstede's cultural framework. The effect of culture on ICT adoption is explored by applying two different measures of ICT adoption, namely the average share of ICT spending in GDP across 42 countries, and per capita computer across 49 countries. The results suggest that the national culture and the ICT adoption rate of a country are closely related. It appears that most of the Hofstede dimensions are important in influencing ICT adoption, thereby confirming our hypotheses. In particular, the power distance and the uncertainty avoidance dimensions seem to be the most important ones. These results are robust in both datasets, even after controlling for levels of education and income.

AB - The diffusion of information and communication technology (ICT) has witnessed a surge in recent years. The rate of adoption across countries diverges considerably regardless of the income levels. In this paper, we attempt to explain the differences in ICT adoption rates across countries by using Hofstede's cultural framework. The effect of culture on ICT adoption is explored by applying two different measures of ICT adoption, namely the average share of ICT spending in GDP across 42 countries, and per capita computer across 49 countries. The results suggest that the national culture and the ICT adoption rate of a country are closely related. It appears that most of the Hofstede dimensions are important in influencing ICT adoption, thereby confirming our hypotheses. In particular, the power distance and the uncertainty avoidance dimensions seem to be the most important ones. These results are robust in both datasets, even after controlling for levels of education and income.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2006.08.005

U2 - 10.1016/j.jwb.2006.08.005

DO - 10.1016/j.jwb.2006.08.005

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 302

EP - 314

JO - Journal of World Business

JF - Journal of World Business

SN - 1090-9516

IS - 4

ER -