Coupling the Leidenfrost effect and elastic deformations to power sustained bouncing

Scott R. Waitukaitis, Antal Zuiderwijk, Anton Souslov, Corentin Coulais, Martin Van Hecke

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The Leidenfrost effect occurs when an object near a hot surface vaporizes rapidly enough to lift itself up and hover. Although well understood for liquids and stiff sublimable solids, nothing is known about the effect with materials whose stiffness lies between these extremes. Here we introduce a new phenomenon that occurs with vaporizable soft solids - the elastic Leidenfrost effect. By dropping hydrogel spheres onto hot surfaces we find that, rather than hovering, they energetically bounce several times their diameter for minutes at a time. With high-speed video during a single impact, we uncover high-frequency microscopic gap dynamics at the sphere/substrate interface. We show how these otherwise-hidden agitations constitute work cycles that harvest mechanical energy from the vapour and sustain the bouncing. Our findings suggest a new strategy for injecting mechanical energy into a widely used class of soft materials, with potential relevance to fields such as active matter, soft robotics and microfluidics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1095-1099
Number of pages5
JournalNature Physics
Issue number11
Early online date24 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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