Corporate Political Activism, Information Transparency, and IPO Compliance Costs

Dimitrios Gounopoulos, George Loukopoulos, Panagiotis Loukopoulos

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Abstract

Due to their covert and often dubious nature, corporate political activities may encourage or facilitate opportunistic behaviors. Yet, they also subject firms to heightened visibility, which brings greater public and regulatory scrutiny. Using a hand-collected data set of politically connected US initial public offerings (IPOs), we investigate how this tension shapes the financial reporting incentives of firms going public and the accompanying direct compliance costs. Consistent with the agency view of corporate political activism (CPA), politically active IPO issuers have worse financial reporting quality, more litigation risk and eventually pay 28% more accounting fees than their peers. Additional analysis exploiting the US Supreme Court's landmark ruling on Citizens United versus Federal Election Commission suggests that the link between CPA and IPO accounting fees is likely to be causal. Finally, our evidence indicates that the involvement of specialized financial intermediaries in the political process has implications for the IPO financial reporting quality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-275
JournalJournal of Business Finance and Accounting
Volume51
Issue number1-2
Early online date1 Feb 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2024

Data Availability Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available on request from the corresponding author. The data are not publicly available due to privacy or ethical restrictions.

Keywords

  • IPO accounting fees
  • corporate political activities
  • initial public offerings
  • issuance costs
  • political money contributions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Finance

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