Coordination of tetradentate X2N2 (X = P, S, O) ligands to iron(II) metal center and catalytic application in the transfer hydrogenation of ketones

Antoine Buchard, Hadrien Heuclin, Audrey Auffrant, Xavier F. Le Goff, Pascal Le Floch

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Abstract

A series of mixed tetradentate ligands associating two iminophosphorane moieties with two phosphino, thiophosphino, or phosphine oxide groups (labelled 2, 3, and 4 respectively) have been prepared from the corresponding aminophosphonium derivatives. Their coordination to the iron dichloride metal fragment was achieved using the [FeCl2(THF)1.5] precursor leading to [(P2N2)FeCl2] (5), [(S2N2)FeCl2] (6), and [(O2N2)FeCl2] (7). These complexes were shown to be paramagnetic. Moreover, those ligands can act as bi, tri or tetradentate, as evidenced by X-ray structure analysis of the complexes, depending on the nature of the pendant PY coordinating ligand (Y = lone pair, S, O). Indeed, while only one phosphorus atom is coordinated to iron in 5 (PNN coordination), no thiophosphine moiety is connected to Fe in 6 (NN coordination), whereas both phosphine oxide arms are linked to the metal in 7 (ONNO) coordination. For ligand 2, coordination reactions were also performed with a non-chlorinated iron precursor (either [Fe(CH3CN)6](BF4)2 or [Fe(H2O)6](BF4)2) leading to complexes 8 and 9 depending on the reaction conditions. The different iron(ii) complexes 5-9 were tested in catalytic transfer hydrogenation of acetophenone, and were found to be efficient for reactions carried out at 82 [degree]C.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1659-1667
Number of pages9
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume2009
Issue number9
Early online date27 Jan 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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phosphine
Ketones
Hydrogenation
Iron
Metals
Ligands
Oxides
Coordination reactions
Phosphorus
Derivatives
X rays
Atoms

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Coordination of tetradentate X2N2 (X = P, S, O) ligands to iron(II) metal center and catalytic application in the transfer hydrogenation of ketones. / Buchard, Antoine; Heuclin, Hadrien; Auffrant, Audrey; Le Goff, Xavier F.; Le Floch, Pascal.

In: Dalton Transactions, Vol. 2009, No. 9, 2009, p. 1659-1667.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buchard, Antoine ; Heuclin, Hadrien ; Auffrant, Audrey ; Le Goff, Xavier F. ; Le Floch, Pascal. / Coordination of tetradentate X2N2 (X = P, S, O) ligands to iron(II) metal center and catalytic application in the transfer hydrogenation of ketones. In: Dalton Transactions. 2009 ; Vol. 2009, No. 9. pp. 1659-1667.
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abstract = "A series of mixed tetradentate ligands associating two iminophosphorane moieties with two phosphino, thiophosphino, or phosphine oxide groups (labelled 2, 3, and 4 respectively) have been prepared from the corresponding aminophosphonium derivatives. Their coordination to the iron dichloride metal fragment was achieved using the [FeCl2(THF)1.5] precursor leading to [(P2N2)FeCl2] (5), [(S2N2)FeCl2] (6), and [(O2N2)FeCl2] (7). These complexes were shown to be paramagnetic. Moreover, those ligands can act as bi, tri or tetradentate, as evidenced by X-ray structure analysis of the complexes, depending on the nature of the pendant PY coordinating ligand (Y = lone pair, S, O). Indeed, while only one phosphorus atom is coordinated to iron in 5 (PNN coordination), no thiophosphine moiety is connected to Fe in 6 (NN coordination), whereas both phosphine oxide arms are linked to the metal in 7 (ONNO) coordination. For ligand 2, coordination reactions were also performed with a non-chlorinated iron precursor (either [Fe(CH3CN)6](BF4)2 or [Fe(H2O)6](BF4)2) leading to complexes 8 and 9 depending on the reaction conditions. The different iron(ii) complexes 5-9 were tested in catalytic transfer hydrogenation of acetophenone, and were found to be efficient for reactions carried out at 82 [degree]C.",
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