Conversational Patterns and Listener Responses Associated with an Enhanced Fading Affect Bias after Social Disclosure

Kate Muir, Charity Brown, Anna Madill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The fading affect bias (FAB) is a phenomenon of autobiographical memory whereby negative emotions associated with event memories fade in intensity over time more than positive emotions. Social disclosure enhances the FAB and listener responsiveness during social disclosure is an important facet, however, little is known about the nature of listener verbal responses that facilitate an enhanced FAB. In this study, we used discourse analysis to explore listener verbal responses and conversational patterns associated with an enhanced FAB after social disclosure: backchanneling, in which the listener shows they are paying attention to the story underway; displays of understanding whereby the listener shows awareness of the speaker’s emotional state; and positive facilitation, characterized by mutual development of positive interpretations of both pleasant and unpleasant experiences. We suggest that such listener responses are similar to those described in the verbal person-centered framework, and the emotional benefits of social disclosure are in part collaboratively created by conversationalists.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-585
Number of pages34
JournalJournal of Language and Social Psychology
Volume38
Issue number5 - 6
Early online date14 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • discourse analysis
  • emotion
  • fading affect bias
  • social disclosure
  • verbal person centered

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language

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