Membrane bioreactors (MBRs) have been used increasingly for municipal wastewater treatment. The current wastewater treatment plants are designed to treat three times the av. flow in dry weather (DWF) which covers the expected range of incoming flow rates. If throughput in MBRs can be changed readily by changing the energy input into the system, a smaller plant can be designed. Under varying throughput operation, a high aeration rate is required to generate a high cross-flow rate to minimize fouling. At low flow rates, a low aeration rate is used to minimize energy consumption. The aim of this work is to explore the feasibility of designing smaller membrane plants by varying the throughput. This requires the control of membrane fouling, so that chem. cleaning is not compromised. Fouling is controlled by limiting the membrane flux and also by flushing the surface of the membranes with large air bubbles. Variations of the permeate flux and the aeration rate were varied in this study and their effect on controlling fouling was evaluated. Intermittent permeation while retaining aeration was found to be an effective technique for long-term sustainability of high fluxes. [on SciFinder (R)]
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
- for controlling fouling in membrane bioreactors operated with variable throughput)
- biofouling control membrane reactor wastewater treatment
- MSC (Miscellaneous) (wastewater contg.
- Aeration (controlling fouling in membrane bioreactors operated with variable throughput)
- controlling fouling in membrane bioreactors operated with variable throughput)
- Wastewater treatment (biol.
- Meat extracts (wastewater contg.
- Permeation (intermittent
- Peptones Role
- Bioreactors (for wastewater treatment