Control of a hydropneumatic active suspension based on a non-linear quarter-car model

B Gao, J Darling, D G Tilley, R A Williams, A Bean, J Donahue

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27 Citations (SciVal)


It is extremely difficult to maintain simultaneously a high standard of ride, handling, and body control in a vehicle with a conventional passive suspension. However, it is well known that active suspensions provide a possible solution to this problem, albeit with additional cost and weight. This paper describes the design and analysis of a hydropneumatic slow active suspension. The design is based on hydropneumatic suspension components taken from a commercial system. A non-linear quarter-car model is developed, which includes a gas strut model developed in a previous study and a non-linear dynamic flow control valve model. A hybrid control strategy is proposed for the disturbance rejection and self-levelling requirements. The disturbance rejection control is based on limited state feedbacks and the linear quadratic method plus a Kalman filter that is used to optimize the performance index. The self-levelling control employs a proportional, integral, and derivative (PID) control strategy. Practical issues, such as power consumption, controller robustness, and valve dynamics, are also investigated in this paper. Simulations show that the proposed system has good performance and robustness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-31
Number of pages17
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering
Issue numberI1
Publication statusPublished - 2006


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