Contingency and contiguity of imitative behaviour affect social affiliation

David Dignath, Paul Lotze-Hermes, Harry Farmer, Roland Pfister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (SciVal)


Actions of others automatically prime similar responses in an agent’s behavioural repertoire. As a consequence, perceived or anticipated imitation facilitates own action control and, at the same time, imitation boosts social affiliation and rapport with others. It has previously been suggested that basic mechanisms of associative learning can account for behavioural effects of imitation, whereas a possible role of associative learning for affiliative processes is poorly understood at present. Therefore, this study examined whether contingency and contiguity, the principles of associative learning, affect also the social effects of imitation. Two experiments yielded evidence in favour of this hypothesis by showing more social affiliation in conditions with high contingency (as compared to low contingency) and in conditions of high contiguity (compared to low contiguity).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPsychological Research
Early online date10 Mar 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Mar 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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