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Abstract

Straw bale buildings have the potential reduce the environmental impact of construction. Although the technique has been introduced into northern China more than a decade ago, the construction method and potential problems within straw bale walls have not been fully understood in existing research. Following an analysis of existing straw bale construction both in north China and worldwide, this paper proposes modifications to the straw bale construction details currently used in north China. The modifications involve in-fill raw material, toe-up design and lime render application. These modifications were incorporated into an experimental building constructed in north China, and after having been monitored for 12 months, the modified construction details were critically assessed. The data demonstrate that rice straw bale walls are resistant to agents of decay and offer reduced construction time and cost than standard wall construction in north China. The construction method has the potential to become a mature construction system in the Chinese market in the future offering significant benefits both in construction and operational cost and in environmental impact.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-57
Number of pages12
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume183
Early online date7 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

Straw
Monitoring
Environmental impact
Lime
Costs
Raw materials

Keywords

  • Hygrothermal environment
  • Modifications
  • Monitoring data
  • Rice straw
  • Straw bale construction
  • Straw bale Wall
  • Straw durability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Construction and monitoring of experimental straw bale building in northeast China. / Yin, Xunzhi; Lawrence, Mike; Maskell, Daniel; Chang, Wen Shao.

In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 183, 20.09.2018, p. 46-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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