A case study is presented which demonstrates the value and validity of a novel approach to the use of consolidated amateur (‘ham’) radio reception reports as indicators of the presence of intense ionospheric sporadic E (Es). It is shown that the use of amateur data can provide an important supplement to other techniques, allowing the detection and tracking of Es where no suitable ionosonde or other measurements are available. The effectiveness of the approach is demonstrated by reference to ionosonde data, and the advantages and limitations of the technique are discussed
Original languageEnglish
Article number906
Issue number6
Early online date2 Jun 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the University of Bath, which sponsored C.D.’s Ph.D. research, and the UK Natural Environment Research Council via C.M.’s KE Fellowship, NE/P006450/1. The APC was funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council, NE/P006450/1.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


  • Es
  • amateur radio reporting networks
  • citizen science
  • ionosphere
  • mesosphere-lower thermosphere
  • sporadic E

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science


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