Conclusion: lessons, implications and recommendations (

Christina Horvath, Juliet Carpenter

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section


The conclusion reflects on the different approaches that researchers, activists, practitioners and artists from the Global North and South have developed to Co-Creation. It identifies key themes emerging from to previous chapters’ contributions to conceptualisation of Co-Creation in theory and practice. These include the approach’s core objectives, relations to power holders and the state, the management of power relations within Co-Creation, the different roles and positionalities participants can take, the different processes of knowledge production and their tangible and intangible outcomes, space and place that enable Co-Creative processes and are produced by them, the methodology’s impact on communities and the challenges to evaluate and measure it and contexts in which Co-Creation can be an effective method. The authors highlight new, emerging directions for further investigation, which could include exploration of different positionalities and their impact on Co-Creation processes, and qualitative evaluation of the impacts taking into account the methods developed by the epistemologies of the South. The chapter ends with a series of practical recommendations for activists, researchers, artists, and practitioners interested in pursuing Co-Creation initiatives.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCo-Creation in Theory and Practice
Subtitle of host publicationExploring Creativity in the Global North and South
Place of PublicationBristol
PublisherBristol University Press
Number of pages298
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2020


  • power
  • state
  • space
  • impact
  • positionality
  • Co-Creation
  • art
  • stakeholders
  • Global South
  • Activists


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