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This article aims to further the rigor and relevance discussion in entrepreneurship studies. It argues that tensions arise due to an adherence to a rigor-as-correspondence perspective, which can be addressed through the advancement of a rigor-as-performativity perspective. Entrepreneurship concepts are tools used to define, represent, and explain entrepreneurial experience, yet how these tools hook onto the world is a question of performance and applica- tion rather than unambiguous correspondence. We advocate for a view of rigor and relevance that appreciates the torch-like features of concepts—how they help entrepreneurs deal with the world so that they may fulfil their intentions—whilst retaining an understanding that the future is unknowable and change a constant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2155-2173
Number of pages19
JournalEntrepreneurship Theory and Practice
Issue number6
Early online date21 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.


  • correspondence
  • entrepreneurial action
  • performativity
  • social practices
  • speech acts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Economics and Econometrics


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