Comparing Frequency of Listener Responses Between Adolescents with and Without ASD During Conversation

Holly Matthewman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In conversation, the listener plays an active role in conversation success, specifically by providing listener feedback which signals comprehension and interest. Previous work has shown that frequency of feedback positively correlates with conversation success. Because individuals with ASD are known to struggle with various conversational skills, e.g., turn-taking and commenting, this study examines their use of listener feedback by comparing the frequency of feedback produced by 20 adolescents with ASD and 23 neurotypical (NT) adolescents. We coded verbal and nonverbal listener feedback during the time when participants were listening in a semi-structured interview with a research assistant. Results show that ASD participants produced significantly fewer instances of listener feedback than NT adolescents, which likely contributes to difficulties with social interactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1007-1018
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume52
Issue number3
Early online date10 Apr 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Backchanneling
  • Communication
  • Conversation
  • Eye contact
  • Gaze
  • Listener feedback

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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