Comparing critical speed modelling approaches and exploring relationships with match-play variables in elite male youth soccer players

Ka-Chun Liu, James Parr, Gregory Roe, Mark Kramer, Jake Sheard, Eva Luna, Paddy Milton, Theo Frixou, Eva Piatrikova, Sean Williams

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Background: A novel bi-exponential method has emerged to estimate critical speed (CS) and D-prime (D′) from a 3-min all- out test (3MT).

Objectives: To compare CS analysis methods to determine whether parameter estimations were interchangeable. Reference values and relationships with key soccer match- play variables were explored.

Methods: Thirteen elite male youth (14-15 years old) players completed a 30 m shuttle run 3MT to estimate CS, D′, rate of speed decline time constant, maximal speed (Smax), time to Smax (tmax), and fatigue index (FI), using the traditional method and bi-exponential model on average (Bi-ExpAverage) and max speed settings (Bi-ExpMax-Speed). High-speed running (HSR) and sprinting distances and counts, and the number of accelerations were collected from two matches. Magnitude- based inferences (p < 0.05) with smallest worthwhile change of 0.2 effect sizes were used to analyse differences. Pearson’s and Spearman’s correlation coefficients were used to measure associations between CS model variables and match-play parameters.

Results: There were significant differences between the traditional method and both bi-exponential models for CS and D′, as well as between the bi-exponential models for all variables except tmax. Using the Bi-ExpAverage model, strong correlations (r = 0.70-0.73; p < 0.05) were observed for D′ and FI with the number of standardised and individualised HSRs, respectively. With the Bi-ExpMax-Speed model, there were strong correlations (r/ρ = 0.64-0.68; p < 0.05) between D′ and the number of standardised HSRs and sprints, and the number of individualised sprints.

Conclusion: There is a lack of interchangeability between analysis methods. It appears that D′ and FI from the bi- exponential models could be associated with high-intensity actions in soccer match-play.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalSouth African Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021


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