Comparative study of two tsunamigenic earthquakes in the Solomon Islands: 2015 Mw 7.0 normal-fault and 2013 Santa Cruz Mw 8.0 megathrust earthquakes

Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Tomoya Harada, Kenji Satake, Takeo Ishibe, Aditya Riadi Gusman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The July 2015 Mw 7.0 Solomon Islands tsunamigenic earthquake occurred ~40 km north of the February 2013 Mw 8.0 Santa Cruz earthquake. The proximity of the two epicenters provided unique opportunities for a comparative study of their source mechanisms and tsunami generation. The 2013 earthquake was an interplate event having a thrust focal mechanism at a depth of 30 km while the 2015 event was a normal-fault earthquake occurring at a shallow depth of 10 km in the overriding Pacific Plate. A combined use of tsunami and teleseismic data from the 2015 event revealed the north dipping fault plane and a rupture velocity of 3.6 km/s. Stress transfer analysis revealed that the 2015 earthquake occurred in a region with increased Coulomb stress following the 2013 earthquake. Spectral deconvolution, assuming the 2015 tsunami as empirical Green's function, indicated the source periods of the 2013 Santa Cruz tsunami as 10 and 22 min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4340-4349
Number of pages10
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume43
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Keywords

  • 2013 Santa Cruz earthquake
  • 2015 Solomon Islands earthquake
  • Coulomb stress transfer
  • intraplate normal-fault earthquake
  • spectral deconvolution
  • teleseismic body wave inversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences

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