Comparative micro-structure and sorption isotherms of rice straw and wheat straw

Xunzhi Yin, Robert Lawrence, Daniel Maskell, Martin Ansell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
19 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Straw bale construction can be utilised to deliver energy efficient and low carbon buildings, however there are concerns over the durability of straw. The water sorption property is a critical factor in the degradation behaviour of straw and other lignocellulosic materials. Typically, either wheat or rice straw is utilised for bale construction, however, this variation is not considered. This paper presents the sorption property of wheat and rice straw and the micro-structure that affect the sorption property. Although the surface and cross-sectional structure of the two straw species are different at micro scale, the sorption isotherms were not significantly different. This study on the water sorption property of rice and wheat straw allows for the assessment of durability within a wall construction. This impact of this research will be the growth in low carbon energy efficient straw bale construction with confidence over its long term durability characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Volume173
Early online date12 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018

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Keywords

  • Adsorption isotherm modeling
  • Durability
  • Hygrothermal properties
  • Straw bale construction
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Biomaterials

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