Communism and Memory Politics in the European Union

D J Clarke

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This article assesses the potential for memory of communism to become
part of the EU’s memory culture by comparing three contrasting case studies:
the Baltic states, Hungary, and Germany. It argues that, rather than the
emergence of a western European memory culture that is challenged by a
uniform eastern memory culture within the EU, as some commentators have
claimed, the different positions of EU member states tend to be conditioned
by a range of domestic and international factors. In terms of the promotion
of the memory of communism within the EU, these factors can vary signifi -
cantly from state to state, demonstrating the continued dominance of the
national frame in the mobilization of historical memory.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-114
Number of pages15
JournalCentral Europe
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 13 Aug 2014


  • memory
  • European Union
  • communism
  • Germany
  • Hungary
  • Latvia


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