Cobalt(III) diazabutadiene precursors for metal deposition: Nanoparticle and thin film growth

Thomas Pugh, Samuel D. Cosham, Jeff A. Hamilton, Andrew J. Kingsley, Andrew L. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the synthesis and characterization of a family of cobalt(III) metal precursors, based around cyclopentadienyl and diazabutadiene ligands. The molecular structure of the complexes cyclopentadienyl-Cobalt(III)(N,N′- dicyclohexyl-diazabutadiene) (2c) and cyclopentadienyl-Cobalt(III)(N,N′- dimesityl-diazabutadiene) (2d) are described, as determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. Thermogravimetric analysis of the complexes highlighted the isopropyl derivative CpCo(iPr2-dab) (2a) as a possible cobalt metal chemical vapor deposition (CVD) precursor. Atmospheric pressure CVD (AP-CVD) was employed using precursor 2a to synthesize thin films of metallic cobalt on silicon substrates under an atmosphere of hydrogen (H2). Analysis of the thin films deposited at substrate temperatures of 250 C, 275 C, 300 C, 325 C, and 350 C, respectively, by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) reveal temperature dependent growth features: films grown at 325 and 350 C are continuous and pinhole free, whereas those films grown at substrate temperatures of 250 C, 275 C, and 300 C consist of crystalline nanoparticles. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) all show the films to be high purity metallic cobalt. Raman spectroscopy has also been used to prove the absence of cobalt silicides at the substrate/thin film interface.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13719-13729
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume52
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2013

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