BACKGROUND: The phase III MPACT trial demonstrated the superiority of gemcitabine (Gem) combined with Nab-paclitaxel (Nab-P) versus gemcitabine alone in previously untreated patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Gem/Nab-P in routine clinical practice.
METHODS: From January 2015 to December 2018, patients with metastatic PDAC receiving first-line treatment with a combination of gemcitabine and Nab-paclitaxel were included in a multicentre retrospective observational study. Exploratory analyses of efficacy, and prognostic and predictive markers, were performed.
RESULTS: The cohort comprised 115 patients (median age 65 [range 50-84] years) with good performance status (ECOG PS 0-1). The median overall survival (OS) was 11 months (95 % CI; 9-13) and the median progression free survival (PFS) was 6 months (95 % CI 5-7). Partial response and stable disease were achieved in 44 and 30 patients respectively, yielding an overall disease control rate (DCR) of 64.3%. Grade 3-4 haematological toxicity frequency was 22.61% for neutropenia, 5.22% for anaemia and 3.48% for thrombocytopenia. Grade 3 asthenia was recorded in 2.61% of patients. No grade 4 nonhaematological events were reported. Dose reduction was necessary in 51.3 % of the patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirm the efficacy and safety of a first line regimen comprising gemcitabine and Nab-paclitaxel in metastatic PDAC in a real-life population.