Climatic trends in E-region critical frequency and virtual height above Tromso (70 degrees N, 10 degrees E)

C M Hall, A Brekke, P S Cannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have examined the long time series of observations of E-region virtual height (1948-2006) and critical frequency (1935-2006) hitherto made by the Tromso ionosonde at 70 degrees N, 19 degrees E. Combining a simplistic trend analysis with a rigorous treatment of errors we identify a negative trend in critical frequency. While a similar analysis of the virtual height h'E also suggests a negative trend, a closer examination reveals a possible weak positive trend prior to similar to 1975 and a strong negative trend from similar to 1975 to present. These two metrics of essentially the same feature of the ionosphere do not exhibit the same signature since critical frequency is controlled by photochemistry within the E-layer while height is controlled by pressure level. We further find that the trend in critical frequency is a daylight/summer phenomenon, no significant trend being evident in the winter subset of the data. On the other hand, the trends in virtual height are independent of season/daylight.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2351-2357
Number of pages7
JournalAnnales Geophysicae
Volume25
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

critical frequencies
E region
trends
trend analysis
ionosondes
photochemistry
trend
photochemical reactions
winter
ionospheres
set theory
summer
ionosphere
examination
signatures
time series

Cite this

Climatic trends in E-region critical frequency and virtual height above Tromso (70 degrees N, 10 degrees E). / Hall, C M; Brekke, A; Cannon, P S.

In: Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 25, No. 11, 2007, p. 2351-2357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hall, C M ; Brekke, A ; Cannon, P S. / Climatic trends in E-region critical frequency and virtual height above Tromso (70 degrees N, 10 degrees E). In: Annales Geophysicae. 2007 ; Vol. 25, No. 11. pp. 2351-2357.
@article{07176eae07ea4fee89a2fb0075f42807,
title = "Climatic trends in E-region critical frequency and virtual height above Tromso (70 degrees N, 10 degrees E)",
abstract = "We have examined the long time series of observations of E-region virtual height (1948-2006) and critical frequency (1935-2006) hitherto made by the Tromso ionosonde at 70 degrees N, 19 degrees E. Combining a simplistic trend analysis with a rigorous treatment of errors we identify a negative trend in critical frequency. While a similar analysis of the virtual height h'E also suggests a negative trend, a closer examination reveals a possible weak positive trend prior to similar to 1975 and a strong negative trend from similar to 1975 to present. These two metrics of essentially the same feature of the ionosphere do not exhibit the same signature since critical frequency is controlled by photochemistry within the E-layer while height is controlled by pressure level. We further find that the trend in critical frequency is a daylight/summer phenomenon, no significant trend being evident in the winter subset of the data. On the other hand, the trends in virtual height are independent of season/daylight.",
author = "Hall, {C M} and A Brekke and Cannon, {P S}",
note = "ID number: ISI:000251998900008",
year = "2007",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "2351--2357",
journal = "Annales Geophysicae",
issn = "0992-7689",
publisher = "European Geosciences Union",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Climatic trends in E-region critical frequency and virtual height above Tromso (70 degrees N, 10 degrees E)

AU - Hall, C M

AU - Brekke, A

AU - Cannon, P S

N1 - ID number: ISI:000251998900008

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - We have examined the long time series of observations of E-region virtual height (1948-2006) and critical frequency (1935-2006) hitherto made by the Tromso ionosonde at 70 degrees N, 19 degrees E. Combining a simplistic trend analysis with a rigorous treatment of errors we identify a negative trend in critical frequency. While a similar analysis of the virtual height h'E also suggests a negative trend, a closer examination reveals a possible weak positive trend prior to similar to 1975 and a strong negative trend from similar to 1975 to present. These two metrics of essentially the same feature of the ionosphere do not exhibit the same signature since critical frequency is controlled by photochemistry within the E-layer while height is controlled by pressure level. We further find that the trend in critical frequency is a daylight/summer phenomenon, no significant trend being evident in the winter subset of the data. On the other hand, the trends in virtual height are independent of season/daylight.

AB - We have examined the long time series of observations of E-region virtual height (1948-2006) and critical frequency (1935-2006) hitherto made by the Tromso ionosonde at 70 degrees N, 19 degrees E. Combining a simplistic trend analysis with a rigorous treatment of errors we identify a negative trend in critical frequency. While a similar analysis of the virtual height h'E also suggests a negative trend, a closer examination reveals a possible weak positive trend prior to similar to 1975 and a strong negative trend from similar to 1975 to present. These two metrics of essentially the same feature of the ionosphere do not exhibit the same signature since critical frequency is controlled by photochemistry within the E-layer while height is controlled by pressure level. We further find that the trend in critical frequency is a daylight/summer phenomenon, no significant trend being evident in the winter subset of the data. On the other hand, the trends in virtual height are independent of season/daylight.

M3 - Article

VL - 25

SP - 2351

EP - 2357

JO - Annales Geophysicae

JF - Annales Geophysicae

SN - 0992-7689

IS - 11

ER -