Upon mixing a chiral amine, enantiopure BINOL, and o-formyl phenyl boronic acid, the three components assemble efficiently and rapidly into chiral host-guest structures that produce distinct circular dichroism signals for each enantiomer of the amine. Employing BINOL and two derivatives to create an array of receptors, the CD signals resulting from several a-chiral primary amines were processed by principal component analysis and linear discriminant analysis to give satisfactory discrimination of the amines studied. Not only was the system able to differentiate the analytes chemoselectively and enantioselectively, but it also allowed for the rapid determination of chiral amine.
Metola, P., Anslyn, E. V., James, T. D., & Bull, S. D. (2012). Circular dichroism of multi-component assemblies for chiral amine recognition and rapid ee determination. Chemical Science, 3(1), 156-161. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1sc00496d