Circular Dichroism in Higher‐Order Diffraction Beams from Chiral Quasiplanar Nanostructures

Christian Kuppe, Calum Williams, Jie You, Joel T. Collins, Sergey N. Gordeev, Timothy D. Wilkinson, Nicolae-Coriolan Panoiu, Ventsislav K. Valev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Miniaturization down to the nanoscale has enabled a new paradigm of ultrathin optical devices, capable of manipulating the direction, polarization, and frequency of light. Great interest is drawn by the promising prospects of deep‐subwavelength material dimensions. However, interesting properties and opportunities offered by structures with sizes comparable to the wavelength of light appear to have been overlooked. Here, quasiplanar chiral arrays made of gold are considered and show that higher‐order diffracted beams can yield extremely large chiroptical responses for optical frequencies. The chosen sample geometry demonstrates spectrally tunable polarization conversion and extremely large circular dichroism. Experimental and numerical data are in good agreement, for both sample chiral forms, and for the complementary geometries under Babinet's principle. Specifically, the experimental results show that the fractional circular dichroism (CD) can be as high as 20%, in the third‐order diffraction beam. Based on the numerical results, a great potential for improvement is anticipated, which makes higher‐order diffraction CD a very promising candidate for ultrathin optical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800098
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Volume6
Issue number11
Early online date27 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Babinet's principle
  • chirality
  • circular dichroism
  • diffraction
  • nanophotonics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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