Chromosome cohesion - rings, knots, orcs and fellowship

L A Diaz-Martinez, J F Gimenez-Abian, D J Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sister-chromatid cohesion is essential for accurate chromosome segregation. A key discovery towards our understanding of sister-chromatid cohesion was made 10 years ago with the identification of cohesins. Since then, cohesins have been shown to be involved in cohesion in numerous organisms, from yeast to mammals. Studies of the composition, regulation and structure of the cohesin complex led to a model in which cohesin loading during S-phase establishes cohesion, and cohesin cleavage at the onset of anaphase allows sister-chromatid separation. However, recent studies have revealed activities that provide cohesion in the absence of cohesin. Here we review these advances and propose an integrative model in which chromatid cohesion is a result of the combined activities of multiple cohesion mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2107-2114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cell Science
Volume121
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2008

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    Diaz-Martinez, L. A., Gimenez-Abian, J. F., & Clarke, D. J. (2008). Chromosome cohesion - rings, knots, orcs and fellowship. Journal of Cell Science, 121(13), 2107-2114. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.029132