This study evaluates the chloride binding capacity and the migration of chloride in sodium carbonate-activated slag cements and mortars. The effect on chloride mobility and binding of adding a calcined layered double hydroxide (CLDH) to the binder mix was also assessed. Significantly improved durability characteristics can be achieved for sodium carbonate-activated slag mortars by the addition of small fractions of CLDH, as a consequence of a higher degree of reaction, higher chloride binding capacity, and the refined pore structures present in these modified materials, in comparison with alkali-activated cements produced without CLDH. The addition of CLDH enables the production of sodium carbonate-activated slag cements with notably reduced chloride ingress compared to silicate activated slag cements.
- Layered double hydroxide
- Sodium carbonate-activated slag
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials